Danville Under the Patronage of the Duke of Orleans. Bolton,” with added outline color, 4 sheets joined, 98 x 95 cm. London, probably the 3rd edition of His true identity is obscure. In the vacuum caused by the lack of firsthand information, early cartographers were forced to draw heavily on the ancients, primarily Ptolemy and al-Idrisi, for their geographic details of Africa. Even as late as the s, Mr. Bolton makes references to both men in his numerous notes. The first word on Africa was that of Claudius Ptolemy ca. Not to be confused with Egyptian kings of the same name, Ptolemy lived in Alexandria and wrote on such subjects as astronomy, astrology, music, history, optics, and geography.
Why Maps Are Civilization’s Greatest Tool
These two European maps point to two quite distinct traditions of cartographic representation dating back to the early 14 th Century. In the 19 th Century the metaphorical tradition of the European Queen witnessed a new and distinctive reincarnation — the political cartoon map of Europe — which reflected and mirrored the momentous political and cultural changes that transformed Europe between and Individual nations were caricaturized and distinctive national identities given new and popular symbolic expression.
Increasingly politicised, the cartoon map of Europe finally disappeared in the turmoil of World War I, victim to new and more powerful forms of mass media and communication. Its vestiges remain clearly visible in the design and iconography of subsequent propaganda posters of Bolshevik Russia and of World War II. As well as offering a recognisable metaphor for Europe as the Queen of Culture and Civilisation, the map perhaps also provides a parallel political metaphor for contemporary 16 th Century Europe.
It is of note that many of the Geographia Ltd. maps feature a peculiar dating system wherein the letters in the world CUMBERLAND correspond to the numbers.
Its first atlas, of London , was originally compiled in the s by Phyllis Pearsall. The company she founded now publishes street maps of many cities and towns in the UK. Until relatively recently, maps produced by the Geographers’ A—Z Map Company did not include a publication date. Some clues to dating include:. On all A—Z maps, there is a 3 or 4 letter code in one of the corners, often the one containing the key.
These letters represent numbers, which are the cartographic date, in the form M MYY.
Cambridge University Library
Email: info jeremysbooks. Vintage, antiquarian, collectable books, maps, cigarette and tea cards. Our stocks include some very unusual maps Search Our Store:. Click on any image to enlarge. Map Dates:.
All three of my Geographia maps lack this date code which is unfortunate however another way to date the maps (although not as accurate) is.
An atlas is a collection of various maps of the earth or a specific region of the earth, such as the U. The maps in atlases show geographic features, the topography of an area’s landscape and political boundaries. They also show climatic, social, religious and economic statistics of an area. Maps that make up atlases are traditionally bound as books.
These are either hardcover for reference atlases or softcover for atlases that are meant to serve as travel guides. There are also countless multimedia options for atlases, and many publishers are making their maps available for personal computers and the Internet. The use of maps and cartography to understand the world has a very long history. It is believed that the name “atlas,” meaning a collection of maps, came from the mythological Greek figure Atlas. Legend says that Atlas was forced to hold the earth and the heavens on his shoulders as a punishment from the gods.
His image was often printed on books with maps and they eventually became known as atlases. The earliest known atlas is associated with the Greco-Roman geographer Claudius Ptolemy. Maps and manuscripts were written by hand at the time. The voyages of Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, and Amerigo Vespucci increased knowledge of the world’s geography in the late s. Johannes Ruysch, a European cartographer and explorer, created a new map of the world in that became very popular.
Maps and geography in the ancient world
Bartholomew, more than Ordnance Survey, concentrate on the traveller- The Railway traveller at first and the Road traveller in the 20th century. Red flags marking distance became a feature of their road maps. County borders are also well defined and the whole effect is a much more colourful piece of lithographic cartography than an equivalent OS piece. It has, perhaps one visual fault, that is: that colour gradation for height can easily be interpreted as vegetation growth or lack of it- and though the two are not unrelated- the parallel is far from exact.
Very unfussy and uncomplicated border legends also add to its attractiveness.
Until relatively recently, maps produced by the Geographers’ (A–Z) Map Company did not include a publication date. Some clues to dating include: their first.
So you have just found a nice European petrol map Start with the copyright date if there is one Well, the obvious answer is to look for a copyright date, usually on the bottom margin of the map. Some maps make it even easier by putting the year right up on the front cover – the problem here, though is that the map was probably actually produced a year earlier than the cover date!
See, for example, the Aral atlas shown on the introduction page which was on sale in May This Jet map clearly comes from ; it is less obviously of Scandinavia. Cover dates may sometimes be for a year after the copyright date or printers code. There are also some maps where the copyright date is misleading. For example, National Benzole sectional maps of Britain with a yellow cover can often be found carrying a copyright date.
Closer inspection reveals that they can be major differences in the road network shown inside – far more than could have been built in a single year.
Antique Map Categories
Jump to navigation. Atlases : The library holds over 20, atlases, very broadly defined to include works containing five or more maps over 5, dating from before Included are many sixteenth and seventeenth century works, some in multiple editions. Works broadly defined as atlases include a great variety of books issued with maps, including but not limited to gazetteers, school geographies, government publications, travel literature, and bibles published in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries.
Manuscript maps and manuscript reproductions : Over manuscript maps and 2, manuscript map reproductions are described in the online catalog. The Edward E.
Examples include Ptolemy’s Geographia (over 70 eds.) To date, the online catalog describes over 6, Ayer printed maps, manuscript maps, and atlases.
Buy Digital Image. Geographia, Ltd. The company was founded by Alexander Gross – , a Hungarian immigrant to the United Kingdom. Geographia Ltd. Many of his maps were drawn by a mysterious ‘Mr. Fountain’ of which we have been able to discovery little. There he issued a large corpus of U. By the s, the branch in the United States had been renamed the Geographia Map Company and experienced rapid growth.
By the s Geographia had published maps of dozens of cities across the United States. In , the British branch was bought out by Harper Collins and continues to produce maps under the Collins Bartholomew imprint.
Cartography – Special Map Collections and Strengths
The company is no longer trading, so its web profile is almost non-existant. Further searches reveal that the company was founded by a Hungarian immigrant, Alexander Gross, in and eventually became part of Collins Bartholomew. More information can be found on this page , just over halfway down, including this interesting snippet:.
of the collection by an exclusive arrangement with the Osher Map Library. The state of Georgia has 41 of these antiquarian maps dating back as early as
Whilst most county maps were included within Atlases that had dates on them – on their frontispieces if not on every map – maps published as individual counties or areas within covers frequently have no obvious date on them. The exception is the Ordnance Survey, who always dated their maps as far as I have seen, sometimes with a plethora of revision dates, so they are always easy to date unless someone has cropped off the margins too closely. For the remaining publishers who omitted dates, sometimes they did include a date code that can be translated into a year, or at other times all you have is their address to compare against their known address dates.
There is a lot of information on Bartholomews click on the link , but rather less on the others shown below the list :. The M. YY or MM. YY code in very small print is generally somewhere on the map or in the index of places eg CD. BR is October ; there is no consistent location. From to sometime in it was Geographia Ltd. Founded in , it has had at least 5 addresses:
Georgia Historical Maps and Atlases
From and early edition of Munster’s Cosmographia one of the most influential geographical works of the 16th Century. Sebastien Munster’s Geographia and his later Cosmographia were landmark works, including not only Ptolemaic maps, but also a number of important early modern maps, including the first separate maps of the 4 continents, the first map of England and the earliest obtainable map of Scandinavia.
Munster dominated cartographic publication during the midth Century.
No original maps from Geographia survived, but this, the oldest The oldest surviving example, the Carte Pisane, dating to , charts the.
The earliest specimens thus far discovered that are indisputably portrayals of land features are the Babylonian tablets previously mentioned; certain land drawings found in Egypt and paintings discovered in early tombs are nearly as old. It is quite probable that these two civilizations developed their mapping skills more or less concurrently and in similar directions. Both were vitally concerned with the fertile areas of their river valleys and therefore doubtless made surveys and plats soon after settled communities were established.
A tablet unearthed in Iraq shows the Earth as a disk surrounded by water with Babylon as its centre. Aside from this specimen, dating from about bce , there appear to have been rather few attempts by Babylonians and Egyptians to show the form and extent of the Earth as a whole. Their mapmaking was preoccupied with more practical needs, such as the establishment of boundaries. Not until the time of the Greek philosopher-geographers did speculations and conclusions as to the nature of the Earth begin to take form.
The Greeks were outstanding among peoples of the ancient world for their pursuit and development of geographic knowledge. The shortage of arable land in their own region led to maritime exploration and the development of commerce and colonies. By bce Miletus, on the Aegean , had become a centre of geographic knowledge, as well as of cosmographic speculation. Hecataeus , a scholar of Miletus, probably produced the first book on geography in about bce.
A generation later Herodotus , from more extensive studies and wider travels, expanded upon it. A historian with geographic leanings, Herodotus recorded, among other things, an early circumnavigation of the African continent by Phoenicians. Although Hecataeus regarded the Earth as a flat disk surrounded by ocean, Herodotus and his followers questioned the concept and proposed a number of other possible forms.
London: Maps, Magazines & Periodicals
The work is made up of five books in two parts: part one, Book 1, provides a discussion of the data and of the methods used; part two, Books 2—5, provides the atlas proper. Although representing only one-eighth of the actual globe, and increasingly unreliable the further the distance from Rome, the atlas is still a remarkable achievement, demonstrating a significant improvement in projection over earlier maps.
The first modern European atlas was issued by Abraham Ortelius in , with the encouragement of Gerardus Mercator. Of course, Mercator was himself one of the most important cartographers of the period, particularly for the invention of the eponymous Mercator projection used to this day. Interestingly, Mercator also seems to be the first to have used the word “atlas” to describe a collection of maps.
Specialist dealer in rare maps, atlases, plans, sea charts and voyages dating from Daniel Crouch Rare Books is a specialist dealer in antique atlases, maps, his map of the Americas in a edition of Ptolemy’s ‘Geographia’, and then in.
Sebastian Munster is one of the most important and famous mapmakers of the mid-sixteenth century, on account of two books that he published, an edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia, published in , with 48 double-page woodcut maps, and his Cosmographia , published in , which contained upwards of five hundred woodcuts, including 24 double-page maps. These two publications, and their later editions, received a very wide circulation, and loose sheets, but also complete volumes, are readily available to the modern collector.
In , he joined the Franciscan Order, and four years later was sent to the monastery of St. Katherina in Rufach. There he studied under Konrad Pelikan, who was to have great influence over the young man in the next five years. Pelikan was a teacher of Hebrew, Greek, mathematics and cosmography. Evidently, Munster was a gifted pupil, but his earliest prowess is demonstrated in his mastery of language compiling, among a wide range of books, a Hebrew-Latin dictionary, and translating a large number of books.
The Ptolemy Problem
Published by Geographers Map Co Ltd Seller Rating:. Condition: Good. Covers have some wear, creasing, toning.
Contributor: Geographia Ltd; Date: Map. London. Londres. London. Catalog Record Only Scale ,; 6 in. to 1 mile. Cover title.
Product Type Clear. Published by Geographia Ltd Seller Rating:. About this Item: Geographia Ltd, Condition: Good. First Edition. Linen backed map, 31 x 40 inches divided into 20 sections, 3 inches to 1 mile. Green covers fraying, complete with creasing to corners and some marks from use.